A short timeframe: According to the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the elections were originally
scheduled for July 2009. However, the process of facilitating the elections was delayed by a number of factors, such as the
slow appointment of NEC members. Unable to follow through with this timeframe, on April 3, 2009 the NEC decided to postpone
the elections to February 2010.
- Delineating constituencies and demarcating the North and South divide: In order to delineate
constituencies to determine the number of seats for each district, the government conducted a census from April 22-May 6,
2008. It was the first all-inclusive census for people of southern Sudan since Sudan became independent in January 1956. Conducting
the census was delayed due to a number of political and logistical difficulties. As of April 1, 2009, the results of the census have not been released.
- Creating a complex ballot: Voters will be asked to cast ballots in six elections for the
presidency of Sudan, the presidency of Southern Sudan, the national assembly, the Southern Sudan legislative assembly and
governors and legislative assemblies in all of the country's 25 states. For voters in the South, this means voting on 12 different
- Implementing safe, free and fair elections in a post-conflict area: security challenges
are conflated by a weakened state infrastructure.
Political Parties will have to
prepare candidate lists and choose women to support for the separate women’s electoral list. There are several challenges
that political parties including:
Civic and voter education: The coming election is the first for many
Sudanese who lack information on how to vote.
Women have been historically underrepresented in political parties
and as voters. This is an added burden for small political parties that cannot afford necessary registration fees, campaign
costs, and adequate voter education.
Low literacy rates: The adult male literacy rate in Sudan is 71.1%,
compared to women’s 51.8%.
NGOs will supplement state and
political parties’ efforts to register voters, and prepare voters for the upcoming challenges but there are several
political and logistical challenges including:
Government interference: International donors were supporting NGOs in Sudan with candidate training
programs, voter and Election Day preparation programs. However, since the ICC indictment of President Al-Bashir, the government
has expelled UN workers, and foreign NGOs from Sudan. International donors have
given money for conducting a national census and creating electoral registration lists, however approval for additional aid
that has been pledged for election procedures has been stalled by the national government.