Implementing Gender Quotas: Spotlight on Sudan
Implications of the Electoral Law
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Quotas 101
Sudan's Women's Movement
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Sudan's 2008 Electoral Law
Implications of the Electoral Law
Implementing Quotas
What Can We Expect in Sudan?
Lessons Learned From Other Countries

If the SPLM quota proposal was adopted, women would have been integrated into the party lists. This would have meant that women’s groups would have been co-opted by political parties, and would have received greater media attention in addition to logistical and financial support from parties. Moreover, women candidates would have benefited from having greater name recognition by running alongside more prominent party candidates. In contrast, by running on a separate women’s list, women’s affiliations with parties might be marginalized. In short, without being integrated into the political party system, women candidates are at a disadvantage.

Despite the potential advantages of the candidate- based quota system, the reserved seat system has its merits. Previous research indicates that reserved seats systems such as Sudan’s tend to have higher rates of female representation than candidate-based quotas, because in the reserved seat system, the outcome of seats is pre-determined and not subject to voter or party’s interference. In other words, there is a guaranteed minimum number of women participating – with the possibility of additional female candidates running on party lists as well.