Sudan’s Women’s Movement
The first women’s organization in Sudan
was the Women’s Association (or League), founded in 1947. Their objective was to mobilize educated women, to advocate
for women’s education, and providing health and women’s health classes. About the same time, in 1948 a teacher’s
association was established to focus on issues specific to women teachers, calling for equal rights such as equal pay with
male teachers. In 1952, the Sudaenese Women’s Union (SWU) was founded to bring Sudanese women into politics through
educational, cultural and social activities. A few years later, the women’s monthly magazine, Women’s Voice was founded in 1955 with a circulation of about 3,000 copies in the mid 1950s. By the mid-1950s,
women’s groups were gaining membership, as more women became involved in the anti-colonial, nationalist movements.
It was during the short cycles of democracy since
independence (January 1, 1956 from Egypt and the United Kingdom) that Sudanese women
made great strides in realizing great achievements connected with their social and economic rights. However, these
achievements suffered a considerable setback after the introduction of Sharia law (Islamic Law).
Sharia Law and Women
has the implementation of Sharia Law in Sudan
made it difficult for women to participate in politics?