The purpose of quotas is to provide a particular group that suffers from discrimination
(such as women, ethnic minority groups, or people from lower social castes) special provisions to allow them to run for public
office with a fair chance. These special provisions usually specify “a certain number of percentage of the members of
a body, whether it is a candidate list, a parliamentary assembly, a committee or a government” to protect that particular
Gender quotas are implemented because they have been found to be a positive
mechanism for reversing social and political institutional discrimination against women. Not only do they afford women greater
political participation, but through greater inclusiveness, the nature and functioning of public institutions change.
Quotas can be implemented in two broad categories, either as candidate quotas
or as reserved seats. Which one is implemented will often affect the number of women in politics for that particular country.